Imperative of proactive and smart diplomacy for constructive engagement with the region

September 3rd 2016 by ECSS,
On September 3rd 2016, a number of academics, researchers, civil societies activists, SPLM & SPLM-IO representatives, political parties, youth actors and UNMISS representatives convened at Quality Hotel in Juba to have a discourse on a Paper on Regional Protection Force (RPF) under the theme: Imperative of Proactive and Smart Diplomacy for Constructive Engagement with the Region and World at Large in Implementation of the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (ARCISS), organized by the Ebony Center for Strategic Studies. The Center presented a paper on the policy that would be used for dealing with the Regional Protection Forces and the Resolution of the UN Security Council (2304) 2016, aimed to reach a collective acceptance for the protection forces in addition to calling the UN, IGAD to consider the profit that could be achieved through joint operations with the security sector in the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) besides incorporating the government position  in the next mandate for the protection forces in December 2016. The paper also includes advantages and disadvantages of the foreign intervention and the researchers who carried out the work were showing the various ideas of all parties in consideration. And there are some citizens and political leaders who welcome the troops either for intervention or protection while some of them opposed foreign intervention in the internal affairs. They consider such position due to example of some African countries which experienced such position and also in the Middle East and cited examples such as Libya and Syria which failed to restore the stability in the country. The paper touched the disadvantages of the Resolution because it is a test to government of the Republic South Sudan on ways of its relations with region and international community. Others argue that the intervention force would lead South Sudan into a field of regional and international warfare. The possibility of the collaboration of these forces with the ethnic groups who effected due to the re- eruption of the conflict in South Sudan, venture for South Sudan future a point which would let the government to control on what will enter and go out from the country because the airport would under the responsibility of the United Nations. The advantages of such troops according to the paper are stoppage of bloodshed, killing, displacement and protecting civilians, leaders and important installations in the country.

The paper suggests  for reviewing the foreign policy and diplomatic relations of the country besides enhancing the relation with  some former friends such as United States, and European countries especially British and Norway, in addition to giving a priority to  public  diplomacy and president should play a vital role in diplomatic mission and to embark himself on tour visits and carrying out meeting with heads of state and participate in the summit of the heads of state and government such as heads of the IGAD countries summit In Addis Ababa, AU heads of state in Kigali, besides conducting security sector reforms. The report indicates the importance of the security sector as the base of the stability and better future to South Sudan and commitment with the peace agreement.

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